In recent years, China’s sports industry has developed rapidly, but there are also many inherent or emerging problems in the new situation: mass sports and competitive sports, national system and market mechanism, Olympic events and non-Olympic events, education system to cultivate sports reserve talents and three-level training system, etc. They are all organically unified whole of sports industry, and these contradictions and relationships must be coordinated and handled. To this end, this newspaper launched the column "Ask about sports", which will discuss these basic issues one after another, hoping to straighten out the relationship and help the transformation of China’s sports system.
A few days ago, the third season of "Who’s the King of Football"-China Folk Football Championship, which was jointly sponsored by the State Sports General Administration, CCTV and the Ministry of Education, was fully launched in 60 cities across the country, which made us glad to see that both the government and the media attached importance to mass football.
Compared with the criticism of the national football around the World Cup, the development of mass football in China has been showing a trend of "rising against the trend" in recent years. Liu Guoyong, director of the Group Department of the State Sports General Administration, said that it is an important support to promote the continuous development of mass football in China to let ordinary people watch and judge the ball love to play football, and the government and society should work together to solve the outstanding problems.
Let ordinary people participate in it.
Zhao Yue, 31, works in Beijing. Before retiring, he was a member of Shenzhen Jianlibao football team. Because there is no football field in Xiaoyueyuan Community where he lives, every weekend, he and his friends spend 20 yuan to play in Fangzhuang Stadium for two hours. Zhao Yue told this reporter: "Now the work is stable, and this way is equivalent to gathering friends."
In the whole country, there are not a few people like Zhao Yue who take playing football as one of their fitness activities. On the other hand, the number of registered players in China is shrinking. A football player described the current situation of mass football in China like this: "Middle-aged people play football, old people watch the ball and young people play basketball. Children who really affect the future development of football are studying at school, and no children play football. "
Li Lianjiang, secretary-general of China Middle School Football Association, believes that exam-oriented education, insufficient teachers, insufficient venues and the safety of the only child are the important factors that cause the low popularity of campus football.
How to regain the enthusiasm of parents, schools and society for football? On the one hand, more activities like "Who is the King of the Ball" football trials should be held to make more people who watch and judge the ball like playing football. "By participating in it, ordinary people, especially teenagers, can correctly understand the cultural function and educational connotation of football and effectively increase the football population." Liu Guoyong said in an interview with this reporter.
More importantly, it is necessary to change the achievement-oriented theory in youth football training and create a relaxed atmosphere. "Foreign children’s playing environment is particularly relaxed, and their families are particularly happy to watch their children play football. They are not required to get any results." Zhao Yue, who trained in winter abroad, believes that the relaxed and happy atmosphere of grassroots football in China is of great benefit to the cultivation of youth football.
Government and private Qi Xin construction site
How many football fields are there in the country? At present, China is conducting a general survey of national sports venues. However, the lack of venues is another difficult problem that affects the development of mass football in China. In the downtown area, many primary and secondary schools don’t have decent football venues. Take Dongcheng District of Beijing as an example. There are only a few standard football fields in more than 200 primary and secondary schools in the whole district. In the residential areas of major cities, the planning and design of football fields is even more difficult to see.
The "more monks than porridge" in public stadiums has limited the development of grassroots football activities. Mr. Chi is a professional architect. The Transformers team led by him has participated in the 30-year-old "Hundred Teams Cup" grassroots football competition in Beijing for the third time this year. Because there is no training ground, they basically don’t arrange training. Mr. Chi told this reporter: "I hope the government will open more school stadiums and build more public welfare stadiums so that children can play the ball without taking a long bus ride."
As the most important football infrastructure, the government should undoubtedly play a major role in the field construction. In the Netherlands, 90% of the central government’s sports budget is invested in grass-roots units, while 100% of the local government’s sports funds are used for amateur sports, and professional teams are not supported. All the venues of grass-roots clubs are provided by the government free of charge.
Liu Guoyong said that the National Development and Reform Commission and the State Sports General Administration proposed that during the Twelfth Five-Year Plan period, 500 standard track and field venues will be built in county-level cities without football fields, and at the same time, some non-standard, local materials and multi-functional ball venues will be built in communities in conjunction with local governments. In addition, the government is also thinking about how to guide social forces and private capital to participate in it, and incorporate the problem of people’s difficulty in playing football into the national future planning.
Train a large number of grass-roots football coaches
To develop mass football well, in the final analysis, a large number of grass-roots football coaches are needed.
It is understood that at present, the phenomenon of structural lack of physical education teachers in primary and secondary schools in China is more common in all parts of the country, and there is a shortage of football coaches specializing in teaching children. In some primary and secondary schools, football coaches are mainly guest appearances by physical education teachers. "Teacher training is not simply finished in three or five days. If you don’t study repeatedly, it won’t work." Li Xianzhong, a coach who once coached Guangzhou R&F team, told this reporter that the income level of grass-roots coaches is too low and they need to learn many professional abilities, which has caused the scarcity of grass-roots coaches in youth football in China.
Spain, which once created the revolution of passing and controlling, is worth learning in training grass-roots coaches. Twenty years ago, Spain, which lost the World Cup, began to make detailed and feasible long-term plans to revitalize Spanish football, the most important of which was to train coaches on a large scale throughout the country. According to UEFA statistics, there are as many as 15,000 coaches in Spain who have UEFA A-level and professional-level certificates.
Liu Guoyong suggested that an amateur football league system should be established to connect with youth campus football and domestic leagues. At the same time, a social sports instructor system should be established in the football field to train more grassroots football coaches with professional skills.
In addition, the state can build a large number of football coaches with comprehensive professional skills through overseas study and training of retired players. They can not only find good seeds at the grassroots level, help them complete basic skills, personal skills training and technical and tactical training, but also guide the masses to reduce unnecessary injuries in football activities and play football scientifically, healthily and happily.